Journal scan

Exercising older man

COPD: patients in need of reassurance say they value input from clinicians

Healthcare professionals' support prevents people with COPD feeling overwhelmed by symptoms

Diet study offers hope for people with epilepsy

Bacteria may help limit seizures, study of high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet finds

Sharing surveillance of infectious diseases could reduce use of antibiotics

International study found diagnoses improved through shared use of surveillance systems

Sham operation casts doubt on back treatment

Surgery to repair spinal fractures was no more effective than a sham procedure

Documenting and treatment of pain falls as cognitive impairment increases

Pain management drugs less prevalent in nursing home residents with severe impairment

Early rehab cuts mortality rates for pneumonia patients

Patients with pneumonia admitted to intensive care have lower rates of in-hospital mortality when they receive early rehabilitation, including range-of-motion and muscle-strengthening exercises, researchers say

Parents’ mental health impaired when children are seriously ill

Parents whose children need intensive care treatment suffer clinically significant impairment of their mental health, researchers say

Sedative may prevent delirium in critical patients in intensive care

A low dose of the sedative dexmedetomidine given at night may prevent delirium in critically ill patients, researchers say in what they call a practice-altering study

Blood plasma test could lead to earlier diagnosis of autism

A pioneering test has revealed a link between autism and damage to proteins in blood plasma that could lead to earlier diagnosis of the condition, scientists say

Alcohol use disorders a major risk for dementia, especially early-onset

Alcohol use disorders are a major risk factor for all types of dementia, especially early-onset dementia, study shows

Eating slowly, avoiding late dinners may lower obesity

Eating slowly, avoiding eating dinner in the two hours before going to bed and not skipping breakfast may lower obesity, a study suggests

Highly processed foods driving increased overall risk of cancer

Increased consumption of highly processed foods may be linked higher overall risk of cancer...

High blood pressure limits response to low oxygen

High blood pressure limits protection of vital organs and tissues in low-oxygen conditions,...

Some types of eyelid cancer rising steadily in England

Certain types of eyelid cancer have risen steadily over the past 15 years in England, with 2...

Common chronic diseases overlooked as cancer risk

Cancer risks from several common chronic diseases are as important as those from five major...

Migraines seen as risk factor for cardiovascular problems

Migraine is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular problems including heart...

Learning, memory problems seen in adolescents with OCD

Adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder have learning and memory problems that could...