How to

Blood transfusion

How to undertake a blood component transfusion

Learn about patient identification, blood component checks and reducing potential hazards

How to assist in emergency tracheal intubation

How to assist in emergency tracheal intubation

Promoting a team approach to the procedure, which ensures risks to patients are minimised


How to record a 12-lead electrocardiogram

ECG can assist in diagnoses of arrhythmias, hypertension, heart disease or heart failure


How to undertake venepuncture to obtain venous blood samples

Identifying a suitable vein and the appropriate needle or butterfly device for the procedure

Nutritional assessment

How to undertake a nutritional assessment in adults

Using a structured approach and a variety of skills to determine nutritional status

Root cause analysis

How to undertake a root cause analysis investigation to improve patient safety

Determining how and why a patient safety incident has occurred

Insulin injection

How to administer an insulin injection

Rationale and key points Effective insulin injection technique is essential to ensure...


How to auscultate for heart sounds in adults

Rationale and key points This article aims to improve nurses’ knowledge and understanding of...


How to administer lidocaine in wounds

Rationale and key points Before a wound can be cleaned and/or closed, the use of a local...


How to use a corticosteroid nasal spray

Rationale and key points This article outlines the appropriate and effective technique for...

Nasal douching

How to perform nasal douching

Rationale and key points This article provides information on nasal douching, which nurses...

Nasogastric intubation

How to set up and administer an enteral feed via a nasogastric tube

Rationale and key points Nasogastric tube feeding is a method of enteral feeding commonly...

How to assist patients with sit-stand transfers

Rationale and key points This article discusses optimal methods for assisting patients with...

How to use an automated external defibrillator following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Rationale and key points This article provides an overview of the skills required to safely...

How to promote patients’ sleep in hospital

Rationale and key points Disturbed or disrupted sleep is associated with adverse effects on...

How to carry out growth assessment in infants and children under two years old

Rationale and key points Measuring and monitoring growth in infants and young children under...

How to remove an indwelling urinary catheter in female patients

Rationale and key points This article aims to assist nurses to undertake the removal of an...

How to care for a patient’s eyes in critical care settings

Rationale and key points Eye care is an important aspect of the nursing management of...