How to

Verifying the death of a patient

How to verify the death of a patient

Understanding the legal implications, and the need for sensitivity and compassion

How to undertake oral medicines calculations

How to undertake oral medicines calculations

A step-wise, practical approach to undertaking oral medicines calculations

How to change a stoma bag

How to change a stoma bag

Enhance your understanding of the procedure and support patients in managing their stoma care

How to undertake intravenous infusion calculations

How to undertake intravenous infusion calculations

Refresh your knowledge on how to undertake intravenous infusion calculations

How to care for patients undergoing paracentesis for the drainage of ascites

The nurse’s role in monitoring the patient and administering treatment

Blood transfusion

How to undertake a blood component transfusion

Learn about patient identification, blood component checks and reducing potential hazards

How to assist in emergency tracheal intubation

How to assist in emergency tracheal intubation

Safe and effective emergency intubation of a patient with a compromised airway or respiratory function


How to record a 12-lead electrocardiogram

Understand the evidence that supports the practice of recording a 12-lead ECG


How to undertake venepuncture to obtain venous blood samples

Identifying a suitable vein and the appropriate needle or butterfly device for the procedure

Nutritional assessment

How to undertake a nutritional assessment in adults

Using a structured approach and a variety of skills to determine nutritional status

Root cause analysis

How to undertake a root cause analysis investigation to improve patient safety

Determining how and why a patient safety incident has occurred

Insulin injection

How to administer an insulin injection

Rationale and key points Effective insulin injection technique is essential to ensure optimal management of diabetes. Those who administer insulin should understand how it works, in particular its link to blood glucose levels. This article outlines how to administer an insulin injection, including: the competencies healthcare practitioners require to undertake this procedure; the steps they should undertake to safely administer insulin; and the evidence base supporting safe and effective insulin injection. » Insulin can be injected using either an insulin pen or a syringe and vial. There are various insulin regimens available, such as basal only, basal-bolus and mixed insulin. » Potential insulin injection sites include the abdomen, thighs, buttocks or arms. The presence of lipohypertrophy at an insulin site indicates that another site should be used. » Insulin should be injected into the subcutaneous tissue at a 90-degree angle. The skin should be raised to reduce the risk of injecting into the muscle; however, this risk is reduced with the use of shorter needles. Reflective activity ‘How to’ articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of: 1. How you think you could use this article to improve your practice in administering insulin injections. 2. How you could use this resource to educate your colleagues about administering insulin injections.

How to auscultate for heart sounds in adults

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How to administer lidocaine in wounds

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How to use a corticosteroid nasal spray

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How to perform nasal douching

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How to set up and administer an enteral feed via a nasogastric tube

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How to assist patients with sit-stand transfers

Rationale and key points This article discusses optimal methods for assisting patients with...