Clinical update

Identifying and treating urinary tract infections: new NICE guidelines

Recommendations on diagnosing and managing UTIs
Urine analysis

Essential facts

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common infections that affect different parts of the urinary tract, including the bladder (cystitis), urethra and kidneys. UTIs are generally caused by bacteria from faeces entering the urethra.

The number of UTIs caused by drug-resistant bacteria is increasing, according to the English Surveillance Programme for Antimicrobial Utilisation and Resistance report last November . One in three (34%) of the samples analysed were found to be resistant to an antibiotic called trimethoprim, compared with 29.1% in 2015.

What’s new

New guidance intended to help combat drug-resistant urinary tract infections has been published by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Separate draft guidance has been published for catheter-associated

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