Picture credit: Getty
Urinary incontinence involves involuntary leakage of urine. This problem affects women of all ages, but prevalence is higher with increasing age. Nearly one third of the female population aged over 65 years experiences urinary incontinence, and prevalence is higher among older females who live in care homes. The most common types of urinary incontinence are stress, urgency and mixed incontinence, nocturnal enuresis and overactive bladder.
There are a surprising number and diversity of factors that increase a woman’s risk of developing urinary incontinence. These include genetics, age-related changes, urinary tract infections, constipation, medications, obesity, smoking, high-impact exercise, diet, menopause and pregnancy, as a result of pelvic floor damage during childbirth. It is important that nurses are aware of these risk factors, which were described in the article.
Other factors that can contribute to urinary incontinence include problems with the function of the lower urinary tract,...
Want to read more?
Unlock full access to RCNi Plus today
Save over 50% on your first three months:
- Customisable clinical dashboard featuring 200+ topics
- Unlimited online access to all 10 RCNi Journals including Nursing Standard
- RCNi Learning featuring 180+ RCN accredited learning modules
- NMC-compliant RCNi Portfolio to build evidence for revalidation
- Personalised newsletters tailored to your interests