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Periods before age 12 signal risk of heart disease, stroke

Girls who start periods before turning 12 are at greater risk of heart disease and stroke in later life, as are women who give birth at a young age, experience a miscarriage or stillbirth, or go through the menopause early, a study shows

Girls who start their periods before they turn 12 are at greater risk of developing heart disease and stroke in later life, a study of nearly 300,000 UK women shows.

Women who give birth at a young age, experience a miscarriage or stillbirth, or go through the menopause early are also more likely to develop cardiovascular disease when they get older, according to the study by the George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford.

Researchers drew on data from the UK Biobank, a large, population-based study of more than half a million men and women.

Early menopause

They found women who had started their periods before the age of 12 had a 10% greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than those who had been 13 or older, while those who went

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