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Overweight people deemed healthy still face heart risks

Carrying extra weight could raise the risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even for someone who is otherwise healthy, researchers say.

Carrying extra weight could raise the risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even for someone who is otherwise healthy, researchers say

heart
Being classed as healthy but overweight carries a 26% increased risk
of coronary heart disease. Picture: iStock

Carrying extra weight could raise the risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even for someone who is otherwise healthy, researchers say.

Led by Imperial College London and the University of Cambridge, the researchers examined data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study of half a million people.

Over more than 12 years of follow-up, 7,637 participants across eight European countries suffered coronary heart disease incidents including heart attacks.

1 in 4 people

in the UK die from heart and circulatory disease.

Source: British Heart Foundation

The researchers examined participants' body mass index and whether they were metabolically 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'. People were classed as unhealthy if they had three or more of a number of metabolic markers, including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, low levels of HDL cholesterol or an 'elevated' waist circumference.

After adjusting for a number of factors, researchers found that compared with a healthy normal weight group, those classed as unhealthy had more than double the risk of coronary heart disease, whether they were normal weight, overweight or obese.

Even overweight and obese people who were deemed 'healthy' by their metabolic markers carried a higher risk.

When compared with people of a healthy weight, being classed as healthy but overweight carries a 26% increased risk of coronary heart disease and being obese carries a 28% increased risk, they said.


Lassale C et al (2017) Separate and combined associations of obesity and metabolic health with coronary heart disease: a pan-European case-cohort analysis. European Heart Journal. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehx448

 

 

 

 

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