Clinical update

Pneumonia

An infection of the lung tissue, pneumonia is common and has a high mortality rate.

Essential facts

An infection of the lung tissue, pneumonia is common and has a high mortality rate. According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), between 0.5% and 1% of adults will develop community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) every year. It is diagnosed in 5-12% of those who present to GPs with lower respiratory tract infection, with 22% to 42% admitted to hospital, where the mortality rate is between 5% and 14%. Hospital-acquired pneumonia is estimated to increase hospital stay by about eight days, and has a reported mortality rate ranging from 30% to 70%.

In January, NICE published a quality standard covering adults with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis of CAP. It is expected to contribute to improvements in outcomes such as mortality, hospital admission and readmission, length of hospital stay, health-related quality of life and inappropriate antibiotic use. Also in January,

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