A to Z of syndromes

A-Z of syndromes: Sturge-Weber syndrome

Insight into this rare neurological condition which causes port wine skin lesions and can be associated with epilepsy
A baby's face with port wine birthmarks on it.

Insight into this rare neurological condition which causes port wine skin lesions and can be associated with epilepsy

This is a rare neurological condition which mainly affects the brain, skin and eyes. It is named after the doctors who first described it in the late 19th century. It is primarily caused by abnormal development of blood vessels during the early embryological stage. The skin, the eyes, their blood supply and the brain all have their origins from the same stem cells. Owing to the way the cells divide and specialise during this early phase of development a few deviant changes can have a significant effect on the developing individual. Sturge-Weber is a syndrome that occurs sporadically, it is not a generic condition and it is not inherited. It affects boys and girls and has

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