Practice question

How can CPAP support a child’s breathing?

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is used in babies with breathing difficulties if indications suggest, but there can be complications with its use

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is used in babies with breathing difficulties if indications suggest, but there can be complications with its use

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is used to support keeping a child’s airway open. It is used in babies with breathing difficulties – including managing the symptoms of infections such as bronchiolitis – and can be used to treat obstructive sleep apnoea.

This article describes the physiological effects of CPAP and identifies indications and complications of CPAP therapy. It explains the difference between CPAP and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and how each support a child, depending on their ability to initiate spontaneous breathing.

Physiological effects of CPAP

CPAP provides a flow of continuous positive airway pressure to

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