A to Z of syndromes

A-Z syndromes: Congenital Zika syndrome

First identified in 2015, there is no vaccine for this virus, which can have devastating effects on the unborn child
Mother and baby

First identified in 2015, there is no vaccine for this virus, which can have devastating effects on the unborn child

Congenital Zika syndrome is caused by fetal exposure to a virus present in an infected mother. Zika is a virus transmitted when a mosquito bites a human.

The disease in older children or adults may pass unnoticed or cause a short, mild, period of sickness typically involving a mild fever, muscle pain, joint pain and headache. Zika can also be transmitted by sexual contact with an individual who has been infected with the virus. It is possible that the virus could also be passed on through blood transfusions.

The Zika virus was first identified in humans in 1952. The first public health emergency caused by Zika was in Brazil when the congenital syndrome was identified in 2015.

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