A to Z of syndromes

A-Z of syndromes: Haemolytic uraemic syndrome

Although haemolytic uraemic syndrome is rare, it is not uncommon. Here is a guide on how to treat and care for children and young people who present with the condition

Although haemolytic uraemic syndrome is rare, it is not uncommon. Here is an overview of the syndrome, with advice on signs and symptoms and how to care for children and young people.

Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) can follow on from a preceding infection, often gastroenteritis, caused by consumption of unpasteurised foods and contaminated water. The peak incidence occurs between six months and four years of age. It is rare, but it is not uncommon for health professionals to see cases.

Symptoms

A child may present with changes in their usual behaviour. They may demand attention and be irritable, however as the child has usually been unwell this deterioration may not be easily detected by the parents. They may also be feverish, pale, lethargic

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