Evidence and Practice

Syndromes: Aicardi syndrome

A rare neurodeveopmental disorder first identified in the mid-1960s that could be encountered by learning disability nurses
Picture shows the face on an infant

Aicardi syndrome is a rare neurodeveopmental disorder, first identified in the mid-1960s, that could be encountered by learning disability nurses

Aicardi syndrome , first identified by Jean Aicardi in the mid-1960s, is a rare and severe neurodevelopmental disorder (Aicardi 2003) . It is thought to affect up to 4,000 individuals worldwide. There is no clear understanding of the aetiology of this condition, but it is known to be an X-linked dominant condition found almost exclusively in females.

Due to the presence of an extra X chromosome, this condition has also been reported among men with Klinefelter syndrome


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