CPD articles

Our continuing professional development (CPD) articles are designed to assist with your nursing skills and practice.

Pericardial conditions: signs, symptoms and electrocardiogram changes

This article describes the anatomy and physiology of the pericardium and the signs and...

Reperfusion therapy

In this article Nick Castle explains that, with significant improvements being made to the...

Recognising and treating Colles’ type fractures in emergency care settings

In this article, the author explains how to identify a Colles’ type fracture, explains how...

Severe sepsis in A&E

In this article, the author clarifies the definition of sepsis, severe sepsis and septic...

Pharmacological techniques for managing acute pain in emergency departments

Pain is a common reason to attend hospital but it is often inadequately managed. This...

Wound closure

This article is to provide emergency nurses with a knowledge and understanding of the wound...

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: the laryngeal mask airway

Aims and intended learning outcomes The aim of this article is to discuss issues relating to...

Common cardiac arrhythmias

The interpretation of cardiac arrhythmias plays an important role in the diagnosis of...

Paediatric resuscitation: advanced life support

Aims and intended learning outcomes The aim of this article is to present the paediatric...

Anaphylactic shock

The causes of anaphylactic shock and presenting features are not clearly understood. In...

Shock: types, classifications and explorations of their physiological effects

This article provides a comprehensive review of the classifications and types of shock that...

Head injuries: acute care

Nurses working in acute care settings will encounter patients with various head injuries....

Care of the ventilated patient in A&E

Aims and intended learning outcomes This article outlines the indications for instigation of...

Quality and the new NHS

Aims and intended learning outcomes The aim of this article is to increases nurses’...

Pain management for patients with chest drains

The management of chest drains is very complex and pain control is often given very little...

Understanding oesophageal varices

This article describes the aetiology of oesophageal varices, the variety of treatment...

Peripheral intravenous therapy management

Aims and intended learning outcomes Nursing knowledge and practice in relation to peripheral...

Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception is often misunderstood by the general public and nurses alike. This...

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