Reviews

Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches

The second edition of Creswell’s book has been significantly revised and updated. The author clearly sets out three approaches to research: quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. As someone who has used mixed methods in my research, it is refreshing to read a textbook that addresses this. The differences between the approaches are clearly identified and a rationale for using each methodological stance provided.

The book covers all aspects of writing a detailed research proposal. There are chapters discussing preliminary considerations: a framework for design, reviewing the literature and writing strategies and ethical conditions. The second section of the book addresses issues relating to designing research and writing a research proposal. This section covers writing the introduction; the purpose statement; research questions and hypotheses; the use of theory; and definitions, limitations and significance. The final three chapters discuss issues relating to quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods approaches respectively. The information contained within the chapters is well presented and easy to read; the text is broken up by the use of bullet points and summary tables.

Many of the examples provided are north American and relate to education. However, the way that Creswell uses them makes it possible to apply the principles to nurse research and the UK. The US slant is evident in some

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The book covers all aspects of writing a detailed research proposal. There are chapters discussing preliminary considerations: a framework for design, reviewing the literature and writing strategies and ethical conditions. The second section of the book addresses issues relating to designing research and writing a research proposal. This section covers writing the introduction; the purpose statement; research questions and hypotheses; the use of theory; and definitions, limitations and significance. The final three chapters discuss issues relating to quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods approaches respectively. The information contained within the chapters is well presented and easy to read; the text is broken up by the use of bullet points and summary tables.

Many of the examples provided are north American and relate to education. However, the way that Creswell uses them makes it possible to apply the principles to nurse research and the UK. The US slant is evident in some of the wording: for example, Creswell discusses institutional review boards rather than research ethics committees. This book is an essential read for all postgraduate research students. It is particularly geared towards those writing a research proposal for postgraduate study but will be of interest to all students. The checklists provided in the chapters will also be useful for researchers who are preparing a proposal. This book is a welcome addition to the market because of its comprehensiveness and readability.

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