Our clinical nursing articles aim to inform and educate nurse practitioners and students. This is achieved through the publication of peer-reviewed, evidence-based, relevant and topical articles.

Validity and reliability of the psychometric properties of a child abuse questionnaire

Validity and reliability of the psychometric properties of a child abuse questionnaire

Background Few valid and reliable measures of professional self-efficacy and its influence on reporting child abuse and neglect (CAN) are available. Aim To test the psychometric properties of the Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Self-Efficacy (CANRSE) (English) questionnaire. Discussion The Psychometric Grading Framework graded the strength of the psychometric properties of CANRSE (English) as ‘good’. CANRSE can be measured using this tool, having been tested with a cohort of Australian health professionals. CANRSE can be used in Australian healthcare settings and will benefit health disciplines by examining the influence of self-efficacy on CAN reporting in clinical practice and research. Conclusion The psychometric properties of CANRSE (English) provide evidence to support the assertion that it is a reliable instrument to measure self-efficacy in reporting CAN cases. Implications for practice The validity and reliability of CANRSE (English) have been established. Future research should focus on larger studies testing a shorter version of the tool.

Use of focus group data from countries with linguistic differences: translation, analysis and presentation

Use of focus group data from countries with linguistic differences

Exploring contemporary examples of translating, analysing and presenting focus group data

Ethical considerations when conducting research with children and young people with disabilities in health and social care

Ethical considerations when conducting research with young people with disabilities

Ethical issues on access, recruitment, consent, anonymity, confidentiality and other issues

Using group concept mapping to explore the complexities of managing children’s care

Using group concept mapping to explore the complexities of managing children’s care

The method can not only be appealing, but useful in aiding practice development

Ethical challenges in accessing participants at a research site

Ethical challenges in accessing participants at a research site

Background One of the main requirements of qualitative research is to obtain access to participants. Researchers rely on gatekeepers for access to study sites and their communities of stakeholders, opportunities to communicate their studies to potential participants, and to locate meeting and interview spaces. Aim To share the challenges the authors encountered with gatekeepers during a study and how they managed these challenges. Discussion The authors conducted a focused ethnographic study in two healthcare organisations. Their goal was to recruit, interview and observe staff from across the institutions and a range of occupational groups, to explore their experiences of teamwork and the effects their work relationships had on their job satisfaction. Managers in the organisations were enthusiastic about the study, providing much needed support to the authors. However, the authors became concerned that staff might have felt inadvertently coerced to participate in the study. This challenged the authors’ notions of research ethics, prompting discussion about how to best manage aspects of the study, such as information sessions, snowball sampling and consent. Conclusion Explaining the principles of research ethics to gatekeepers can prevent them inadvertently making employees feel coerced into participating. Ensuring potential participants are fully aware of their rights and the voluntary nature of the study can make them more likely to participate. Implications for practice Before any study begins and frequently during the study, it is important that researchers discuss with potential participants and gatekeepers ethical principles, including confidentiality, anonymity and the right to participate or withdraw from the study.

Nurse Researcher

Conducting nursing research in low-and middle-income countries

A reflexive account using a case-study methodology of experiences, challenges and solutions

Why undertake a clinical academic internship? A novice researcher’s reflection

Research internships offer nurses insight and exposure to a wealth of research

Narrative research methods with vulnerable people: sharing insights

Narrative research methods with vulnerable people: sharing insights

Producing well-told narratives can transform practice

Innovations in dissemination: research participants sharing stories at a conference

Involving research participants can provide unique perspectives, but needs careful planning

Is Facebook a viable recruitment tool?

Is Facebook a viable recruitment tool?

Background Effective participant recruitment strategies are crucial to the success of research studies. A targeted, well-designed recruitment plan provides researchers with a rich bed of information to fully explore research questions and achieve statistically significant responses. Aim To discuss the importance and methodology of participant recruitment in achieving reliability and validity, and to provide an example of a recent study that used Facebook to recruit participants and achieve statistically significant findings. Discussion A targeted Facebook recruitment campaign was highly successful in attracting qualified participants who could provide essential information relevant to the study’s research questions. A series of Facebook posts strategically targeted the population of interest and presented them with a short, ten-minute survey. It resulted in responses from 175 qualifying participants, achieving a statistical significance greater than 90%. Conclusion Successful recruitment strategies must provide access to the population of interest and in sufficient numbers to provide a good representative sample of the population of interest for the study. Facebook provides efficient cost-effective access to target populations. Implications for practice As communication technology advances, nurse researchers must learn to adapt to the changing avenues of communication to reach potential study participants. Effective recruitment and a good representative sample is the key to reliability, validity and transferability of research findings.

Using storylines for bilingual dissemination of a grounded theory

Using storylines for bilingual dissemination of a grounded theory

Disseminating findings through a storyline written in the local language

Decision-tables for inferential statistical tests in comparative and correlation studies

Structured decision-tables can help in choosing which statistical tests to use

Strategies for balancing internal and external validity in evaluations of interventions

Review of strategies in an evaluation of a cognitive-behavioural intervention for insomnia

Implementing the actor-partner interdependence model for dyadic data analysis

This article may help to create a more consistent framework for nurse researchers

Memory in narratives and stories: implications for nursing research

The meanings underpinning memories are central to qualitative enquiry and are to be valued

Temporality and existential mood in Heideggerian phenomenology

Background The philosophical perspective of a research methodology should explicitly...

Using literary folkloristic method to understand why people refuse medical interventions

Healthcare providers should account for the viewpoints of those directly affected

Current practice in qualitative end of life research with the bereaved

A focused mapping approach of the recruitment to studies of grieving and bereaved people