Research news

Picture of a man running

Physical exercise may reduce risk of prostate cancer

Study finds reduced risk of prostate cancer among men with a specific DNA variation

Faecal occult blood test for bowel cancer

Screening can reduce incidence of bowel cancer

People with bowel cancer who had colonoscopies tended to live longer, study shows

Diagram of Wilm’s tumour in a baby

Gene causing rare form of kidney cancer identified

Children with Wilm’s tumour may no longer need nephrectomies

Picture shows a surgeon operating on a patient. A chemical that assists brain cancer surgery by making tumour cells fluorescent could also help to safely diagnose the disease and monitor its response to treatment, a study suggests.

Drink helps track brain cancer

A chemical drunk before surgery can make brain cancer easier to diagnose and monitor

Pictures shows a GP talking to a young man. People with cancer who skip urgent referral appointments for their symptoms are more likely to die within a year of diagnosis, researchers say

Skipping urgent referral linked to mortality risk

People with cancer who skip referrals are more likely to die within a year of diagnosis

Picture shows a cigarette being stubbed out. Cigarette smoking in England fell by a quarter in 2011-18, pointing to the success of antismoking measures, researchers say

Smoking down by one quarter in seven years

Cigarette smoking in England fell, pointing to the success of antismoking measures

Picture shows a patient receiving a bone marrow autotransplant, in which high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy are followed by infusion of the patient’s own stem cells.

Readmission risks after stem cell transplants

Infections and gastrointestinal symptoms most common reasons for readmission

Picture shows artwork depicting the enzyme human ARTD2 (pink) complexed with Olaparib cancer drug (green).

Ovarian cancer risk linked to missing bacteria

Lower levels of a protective bacteria put women at greater risk of developing ovarian cancer

Picture shows an older woman having a mammography scan. Alcohol use is estimated to be responsible for 5% to 11% of breast cancer cases and current evidence suggests that it is a risk factor for all age groups.

Women mostly unaware of alcohol risk for breast cancer

Need for culture change so risk posed by alcohol for breast cancer is accepted

End_of_Life

Identifying existential distress in people at the end of life

Some people nearing the end of life are more prone to feelings of distress than others

Sexuality after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Study shows patients struggle with effects on sexuality of HSCT treatment

Smokers fail to quit after cancer diagnosis

Smokers did not quit after cancer diagnosis due to initial treatment failure and cost worries

Importance of talking to seriously ill patients

Earlier, better conversations between clinicians and seriously ill patients improve outcomes

Breast surgery to avoid cancer makes women fret over body image

Women who have breast surgery to avoid cancer have a negative body image for years

Thromboembolism unlikely to cause premature death in people with cancer

Thromboembolism may be a symptom of disease rather than a cause of premature death
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