How a nurse-led centre improved wound healing rates
An innovative new care centre has helped to ease patient demand on hospitals with a four-day-a-week clinic, dealing with patients who ahve complex wounds; it has also shown signs of improving healing rates in patients.
An innovative new care centre has helped to ease patient demand on hospitals with a four-day-a-week clinic, dealing with patients who have complex wounds; it has also shown signs of improving healing rates in patients
Patients living with chronic or complex wounds in Kent can access specialist nurse-led wound care via their local community hospital. The specialist wound medicine centre was officially opened at the Victoria Hospital in Deal, Kent, last month.
The centre is staffed by two advanced wound nurses with support from a tissue viability nurse. Since starting up at the end of October, the centre has treated more than 50 patients. The nurses run a daily clinic at the centre and see an average of ten patients a day. The Deal clinic currently operates four days a week, offering patient appointments from 9am to 4pm. However, the daily clinic service runs five days a week so patients attend an alternative satellite clinic location one day a week.
The prescription costs of advanced wound dressings and antimicrobial dressings in primary care in England
Satellite clinics are available in Dover, Folkestone, Hyde and New Romney. Kent Community Health NHS Foundation Trust (KCHFT) plans to make the daily clinic a seven-day service in response to patient demand.
'The centre aims to provide high-quality care to patients who have problems with long-standing, complex, non-healing, chronic wounds,' says KCHFT clinical improvement project manager, Sherrie Ryder.
Ms Ryder has worked as a district nurse and tissue viability nurse. 'We aim to improve the healing rate and there is already evidence that patients receiving care via the wound centre are healing faster,' she says. 'The key to this is the time the nurses can spend with patients. We allocate 90 minutes for every new referral to enable the nurses to do a full holistic assessment.'
Patients can also access podiatry and lymphoedema services at the centre. The trust’s tissue viability nurses are lymphoedema trained and can offer further specialist care for complex wounds such as the debridement of wounds.
Attending appointments at the Deal clinic provides patients with well-being benefits too, says KCHFT head of adult clinical services for the South Kent Coast, Nicola Osborne.
'The centre offers a great therapeutic environment which strengthens and supports patient concordance as it builds trust and continuity of care with the same practitioner. It also gives patients a degree of control back because they’re coming out to the clinic and it can become almost a social event for them.'
In the UK, most wounds are managed in the community by nurses
(Source: NHS RightCare)
'At the moment, we are healing 25% of patients over 12 to 24 weeks,' Ms Osborne adds. 'One patient had 12 ulcers on the gaiter area of their leg when they first came to us in November. We have successfully healed 11 of those so far which is a real result. For patients, as soon as they are referred to the centre, they are triaged by the specialist nurses that same day and are either given telephone advice or an appointment to be assessed.'
The centre is equipped with patient couches, specialist chairs and trolleys. Specialist equipment includes a doppler ultrasound assessment facility which Ms Ryder says is 'something you would not see in the general community nursing environment'. Doppler ultrasound is used to detect velocity and location of blood flow in both the arteries and veins.
Treatment plans are designed in conjunction with patients and the specialist nurses organise all dressings and prescriptions. This continuity of care is resulting in less dressing wastage and a reduction in dressing costs, says Ms Osborne.
The specialist nurses work closely with community and district nursing colleagues. This includes providing advice over the telephone or reviewing patient wound images which the community nurses are able to send to the centre via their tablets.
They also support practice nurses and will go out to local GP practices to assess patients and set up joint management treatment plans. Their day-to-day role is largely based working in the clinic, however. Additionally, the specialist nurses keep in regular contact with community nurses to inform them about patient treatment plans.
the most commonly treated wounds
(Source: NHS RightCare)
Community nurses also have the option of reviewing patients at the centre or spending time personally in the clinic to update their wound care knowledge.
'We support our local GP surgeries in a full integrated manner,' says Ms Osborne. 'It also allows more flexibility for our community nurses to prioritise other patients. However, we do recognise it has not all been plain sailing. The community and district nurses are very competent in wound care and may have been treating patients for several years at home so we have had to build up that trust with patients and this has been challenging at times.'
Staff at the centre are working towards performance indicator targets such as improved healing rates and reduction in the use of silver dressings. As the service is still relatively new, there is no data as yet to judge progress. However, patient satisfaction with the care provided is high.
'The introduction of the centre has removed those patients from community nursing caseloads where there has been a long-standing issue,' says Ms Ryder. 'If we can heal a patient in six weeks who has been on the caseload for six months, the cost saving associated with that is immense.'
Innovative new app trial
The specialist wound medicine centre in Deal is currently piloting the use of the WoundMatrix digital application which has been created through a partnership between the trust and the US-based technology company, WoundMatrix Inc.
The app aims to support clinicians to heal wounds and pressure ulcers faster. Nurses, who already use tablets in the community, are able to take photographs and measure the length and width of wounds at each patient appointment. The images can be sent directly to the centre to be looked at by the specialist nurses for instant advice.
'The nurses are able to move the camera around on the app to look at the wound from any angle,' says Ms Ryder. 'They can also span the view if the specialist nurses want to look at another part of the patient’s body.
'Additionally, the app enables typed conversations. The nurses are also able to look at wounds live with the patient via the app. Staff are so far finding it easy to navigate and say the information on there is more in-depth than what they currently have. After the trial ends, we will iron out any teething problems based on the nurses feedback, and the aim is then to roll the app out across the whole organisation.'
Patient insight – 'first class care'
Last year, patient Linda Gass, developed a large ulcer on her lower left leg following varicose vein cauterisation and a resultant hospital-acquired MRSA infection.
'The cut on my leg was only about an inch long, but once it was infected by MRSA it increased in size,' explains Mrs Gass. She was referred to the Deal clinic by her district nurse and finds visiting the centre convenient as it is located around a mile from her home. Mrs Gass attends the clinic three times a week.
'I appreciate the level of care provided. For example, when they change my dressing, they will wash my leg which is something new to me. I really appreciate that as my leg is always bandaged from my toe to my knee – I feel so much better afterwards. The level of care I receive is first class.'