Neil James

Syndromes: Tuberous sclerosis

Our series about conditions that constitute a syndrome looks at tuberous sclerosis

Nursing Research Using Historical Methods: Qualitative Designs and Methods in Nursing

Just as the present can be understood by examining the past, the use of historical research methods can help nurses to understand the present to influence the future. This text emphasises how this approach to nursing research can provide a contextual framework from which nurses can consider their own practice.

Role of reasonable adjustments in improving care: a case study

Healthcare and other services have a legal duty to ensure that people with learning disabilities and autism are treated with the same standard of care as any other patients. This article is based on a case study involving a person with a learning disability, autism and challenging behaviour. It discusses the reasonable adjustments staff in an acute assessment and treatment service made to the patient’s environment and treatment to improve care. As a result of these changes, the intensity and frequency of the patient’s challenging behaviour was reduced. The aim of the article is to share best practice so that staff working in other support settings can consider how to adapt their working environments to meet individuals’ needs.

Importance of good relationships between carers and professionals

This article presents the findings of a literature review of research into the relationships between family carers of people with intellectual disabilities and professionals. The review reports on what family carers themselves have said about these relationships, what they want from professionals and how their relationships can be improved.

Assessing the needs of offenders

The needs of offenders with learning disabilities or difficulties entering prison should be recognised and met promptly. This article describes how HMP Parc, a prison and young offenders institution for males in South Wales, introduced a secondary screening process to identify these needs. As a result, care planning, appropriate support packages and outcomes for offenders with learning disabilities have improved, and there is greater work satisfaction among the staff.

A Step-By-Step ABA Curriculum for Young Learners with Autism Spectrum Disorders

AS THIS book’s title indicates, it presents a series of teaching activities for children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) aged between three and ten years.

Enhancing relationships between family carers and professionals

Several policies and strategies describe how support service professionals should work with the family carers of people with learning disabilities. This article presents the results of a study of some of the most widely used terms to describe the carer-professional relationship, and presents a framework for discussions about how such relationships can be enhanced.

How families perceive the care-giving experience

This article discusses the experiences of families who care for relatives with learning disabilities. Professionals must understand such experiences to ensure they provide forms of support appropriate to the needs of individual clients and carers. This involves perceiving care-giving journeys as lifetime commitments to relatives with learning disabilities, whether or not they live in family homes. Different models of care have been devised to help professionals and carers understand these caring journeys, and how the experiences of carers are influenced by internal and external factors.

Supporting parents with a learning disability

The number of parents with a learning disability is increasing, so it is important that the roles of professionals in supporting them are identified. The community learning disability nurse can assess, plan, implement and evaluate the support provided to parents with a learning disability to develop their skills. This article discusses issues relating to parenting and learning disability, including abuse and neglect, and ways of teaching parenting skills to people with a learning disability.