Sue Campbell

Book review: Soft Law and Global Health Problems

This engaging book looks at inequality in global healthcare provision and the laws that support it

A Guide to Practical Health Promotion

EACH CHAPTER of this Open University guide to health promotion begins with a clear introduction and list of learning objectives. The subjects they cover range from the theory and application of health promotion, to developing self-awareness and working with communities.

Gay sexual health

Sexual health needs and the LGBT community

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) individuals have particular vulnerabilities to sexually transmitted infections and HIV infection. Globally, reasons for this include physiological factors, discrimination and poor understanding of their sexual health needs. In many countries LGBT individuals are not able to exercise fully their rights to health care. This raises public health concerns for the LGBT community and the wider population. This article explores these issues, and makes recommendations for the healthcare profession to address health inequalities and promote improved health outcomes for LGBT populations. This article aims to promote an evidence-based approach that focuses on rights and public health issues.

Addressing nursing shortages in sub-Saharan Africa

The desperate situation of the health workforce in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) cannot be overstated. This has been a significant and confounding factor in the decline in life expectancy in a number of SSA countries. This article identifies the reasons for the global shortage of nurses and recommends actions to address the crisis in Africa.

Community health assessments

Community health assessments have become an important part of the work of primary care trusts. As such, community-based nurses need to have a clear understanding of health needs assessments and health impact assessments and how they relate to other areas of practice.

Advocating immunisation

The improvement of global immunisation coverage over the last 30 years is the single greatest public health achievement of all time. As a high uptake of immunisation is required if it is to be effective, community-based nurses need to develop a clear understanding of what advocacy is, and how to develop an advocacy strategy.

Management of HIV/AIDS transmission in health care

The risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection following occupational exposure to HIV-infected blood is low ( DoH 2000 ). This raises issues of how best to balance the competing demands of maximising patient safety and health, protecting nurses’ health, safety and employment rights, and preventing unnecessary alarm in the general population. This article examines different aspects of dealing with the prevention and management of potential HIV/AIDS transmission in the healthcare setting.

Assessing community healthcare needs: lessons from Africa

This article describes participatory approaches to needs assessments for community profiling in developing countries. It reviews the literature on compiling community profiles, provides an insight into conducting these in developing countries, and draws out lessons for those contemplating community profiling in the UK. The author’s experience of primary health care in Africa shows that involving communities in the collection and analysis of data improves the value and quality of information, and the appropriateness of the programmes that result.

Improving quality of primary health care in a Sudanese dispensary

Nursing in a poverty-stricken war zone means working with poor facilities and coping with different attitudes. Sue Campbell explores how working overseas does not need to curtail the nurse’s professional development, and shows how some of the trends followed in the UK can apply abroad.