Elizabeth Curtis

Critical preparation and readiness to support future change

Critical preparation and readiness to support future change

The challenging nature of change is well documented and adequate preparation before implementing a change initiative is critical to reducing resistance and increasing its chances of success. This article describes a service review conducted in preparation for possible change and improvement at an internationally ranked school of nursing and midwifery in an Irish tertiary education institution. The purpose of the review was to examine organisational structures and work activities, including pressures facing the administrative team that supports the school, and to establish whether operations were fit for purpose and capable of continuing to support the international ranking. The article outlines the importance of change to maintain a competitive edge and the critical role of leadership during change. The background and rationale for the service review are discussed along with the methods used to prepare staff. The article also reports outcomes of the surveys and focus groups undertaken and discusses the main recommendations and changes implemented so far. It also suggests how the outcomes are relevant to clinical practice.

Learning the art of delegation

Delegation is essential in nursing, and doing it effectively will mean that every member of your team will see the benefits

Focus groups in nursing research

The literature suggests that prior to the 1950s, focus groups were almost unknown within the social sciences. Today, research studies using focus groups are gaining appeal in academic journals. Likewise, they are being used quite extensively outside academic environments. The aim of this paper by Elizabeth Ann Curtis and Richard Redmond is threefold. Firstly, it introduces the background and main characteristics of focus groups, outlines their uses, and discusses the planning and preparation of focus groups. Secondly, it discusses the benefits and limitations associated with the use of focus groups. Thirdly, it provides an example of how one of the authors applied focus groups in their own research studies.