Updated National Osteoporosis Society guideline on vitamin D
A guideline on which patients to test and who to treat for vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D helps regulate levels of the body’s calcium and phosphate, nutrients that are essential for healthy bones, teeth and muscles.
There is also a potential role for vitamin D in the prevention of non-skeletal disorders, such as autoimmune disease, cancer, mental health problems and cardiovascular disease.
The body creates vitamin D during exposure of the skin to direct sunlight. From late March to the end of September, therefore, most people should produce enough vitamin D.
However, from October to early March, people do not get enough vitamin D from sunlight.
A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone pain caused by osteomalacia in adults.
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