Clinical update

Bronchiolitis: how to recognise red flag symptoms requiring emergency care

Updated NICE guidance focuses on diagnosis, red flag symptoms and when to seek emergency care

Updated National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance focuses on diagnosis, red flag symptoms and when to seek emergency care

Essential facts

Bronchiolitis is the most common disease of the lower respiratory tract during the first year of life, with about one in three babies developing it. It most commonly affects babies aged between three and six months. Although serious complications are rare, about 45,000 children with bronchiolitis are admitted to hospital in England each year for further monitoring or treatment, according to the NHS .

Almost always caused by a

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