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Use probiotics with caution for prevention of infection in hospitalised trauma patients

Identifying the benefits and concerns associated with different species and strains of probiotics.

Probiotics is a general term used to describe the many different species of healthy microbes that, when ingested in adequate amounts, can provide certain health benefits to the host. Probiotics have been used for centuries, mostly in the form of fermented foods such as yoghurt. They are living organisms that are usually found in our gastrointestinal tract and support our immune system.

The ingestion of probiotics is thought to replenish microbiota that may have been depleted from insults such as injury, medication and diet. When there is a depletion of microbiota, pathogenic bacteria can flourish and cause disease.

Different species and strains of probiotics have different host benefits. It is important that they are consumed at regular intervals over a period of time to populate the gut.

Use and effects

Research has shown that

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