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Chronic disease is an overlooked risk factor for cancer

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Chronic conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease are linked to an increase in the incidence of cancer. Cancer and other chronic diseases share common risk factors including ageing and unhealthy lifestyles, for example, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, obesity and alcohol misuse.

This Taiwanese study examined the association between chronic diseases and cancer and the benefit of physical activity in reducing the risk of cancer in people with certain chronic diseases.

The researchers followed 405,878 participants who had markers for cardiovascular disease (blood pressure, total cholesterol and heart rate), diabetes, chronic kidney disease markers (proteinuria and glomerular filtration rate), pulmonary disease, and gouty arthritis marker (uric acid). The participants were followed for an average of 8.7 years.

Researchers found that there was a substantial increase in risk of cancer in

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