Clinical update

Antimicrobial prescribing guidance for pneumonia in children and young people

Two new guidelines on pneumonia set out a prescribing strategy aiming to optimise the use of antibiotics and reduce resistance to them
Girl having temperature taken

Two new guidelines on pneumonia set out a prescribing strategy aiming to optimise the use of antibiotics and reduce resistance to them

Essential information

Hospital-acquired pneumonia is pneumonia that has developed 48 hours or more after hospital admission and was not incubating at the time of admission. It is caused by microorganisms acquired in hospital, most commonly Streptococcus pneumoniae .

Community-acquired pneumonia is contracted outside of hospital and is usually caused by bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa . In the UK about 220,000 people are diagnosed with pneumonia each year, according to the British Lung Foundation . Both types of pneumonia can be life-threatening.

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