Research and commentary

Determining the effects of kangaroo mother care to reduce mortality in low birthweight infants

The Cochrane Review has carried out a systematic review on whether Kangaroo care – skin-to-skin contact between a mother and child has an effect on reducing mortality rates in low birthweight infants.

Conde-Agudelo A and Díaz-Rossello J (2016) Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.


Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as early, continuous and prolonged skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby.

Implementing exclusive breastfeeding that begins in hospital and can be continued at home is ideal. The baby must be placed between the mother’s breasts in an upright position, chest to chest – the kangaroo position (WHO 2003).


The aim of this Cochrane review was to establish if there is sufficient evidence available to support the use of KMC in low birthweight infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal care and to determine beneficial or adverse effects before


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