Expert advice

Childhood asthma: treatment options and why it is under-diagnosed

The high prevalence of asthma in the UK – 1 in 11 children – means nurses need better understanding

The UK has some of the highest prevalence, emergency admission and death rates for childhood asthma in Europe

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition associated with airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness, says the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in its clinical knowledge summary .

It is described as heterogeneous, with different underlying disease processes and variations in severity, clinical course, and response to treatment.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms include:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Variable expiratory airflow limitation, which may vary

Want to read more?

Unlock full access to RCNi Plus today

Save over 50% on your first three months:

  • Customisable clinical dashboard featuring 200+ topics
  • Unlimited online access to all 10 RCNi Journals including Emergency Nurse
  • RCNi Learning featuring 180+ RCN accredited learning modules
  • NMC-compliant RCNi Portfolio to build evidence for revalidation
  • Personalised newsletters tailored to your interests

This article is not available as part of an institutional subscription. Why is this?