Lucie Ramjan

Qualitative analysis

An exploration of different qualitative analysis techniques

Lucie Ramjan introduces five new Nurse Researcher articles relating to qualitative analysis now available online

A reflection on the challenges in interviewing Arab participants

A reflection on the challenges in interviewing Arab participants

Background Cultural beliefs and ways of thinking need to be considered when interviewing Arab participants with chronic diseases. Aim To provide insights into the challenges of interviewing Arab participants. Discussion This paper taps into the first author’s experiences of interviewing ten Arab participants with type 2 diabetes and coexisting depression. Issues relating to gatekeeping, gender, participants’ privacy and superstitious thinking need to be taken into consideration, particularly when discussing sensitive topics that may challenge social norms. These issues can influence the building of rapport, which may affect the depth of information collected. Conclusion This paper offers insight and recommendations for other researchers conducting qualitative research with Arab participants. Implications for practice Paramount in conducting qualitative studies with Arab participants are: an early, open discussion about personal space with the participants and their families; matching the genders of participants and interviewers for interviews; and involving participants in the selection of pseudonyms.

Adaptation and validation of a survey instrument measuring perceived preparedness of...

Background In Australia, a significant percentage of bachelor of nursing students are employed in the aged care sector, or in aged care settings, as assistants in nursing (AINs) or personal care assistants. However the value of aged care in nursing education is often overlooked. Aim To outline the adaptation and validation of a survey, originally developed for medical graduates, for use with nursing graduates. Discussion Adaptation of the instrument was undertaken as part of a doctoral study that aimed to explore whether employment as an undergraduate assistant in nursing (AIN) in aged care prepares new graduates for clinical work. Conclusion Outlining each step of the modification process can help nurse researchers who want to adapt existing instruments to meet their research objectives. Implications for practice Undergraduate AIN employment has the potential to supplement clinical learning without the restrictions inherent in the student role. Furthermore, it has the potential to enhance recruitment and retention in the aged care sector.